Benin has a 2-6-4-3 formal education structure. There are two years of pre-primary school, which has an official entry age of four and is referred to as enseignement maternel. Primary school, which is known as enseignement primaire, has an official entry age of six and a duration of six grades. At the end of the cycle, students receive the Certificat d`Études Primaires (CEP). Secondary school is divided into two cycles: lower secondary and upper secondary.
Lower secondary, which is known as enseignement secondaire général premier cycle, consists of grades 7-10 and culminates in the Brevet d`Études du Premier Cycle (BEPC); upper secondary, which is known as enseignement secondaire général deuxième cycle, consists of grades 11-13 and culminates in the Baccalauréat (BAC). In addition, Benin has a lower secondary vocational education track that lasts three years, and three upper secondary vocational education tracks that last up to four years (ISCED 2011 mapping for 2013 school year).